Biostratigraphy of oligocene succession in the High Folded Zone, Sulaimani, Kurdistan region, Northeastern Iraq

Biostratigraphy of oligocene succession in the High Folded Zone, Sulaimani, Kurdistan region, Northeastern Iraq

 

Imad Mahmood Ghafor & Kamal Haji Karim*1 & Varoujan Sissakian

1Department of Geology, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani City

Published BY: Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 2014, Volume 7, Issue 9, pp 3599-3610

 

Abstract

Oligocene and Lower Miocene sediments from High Folded Zone of Iraqi Zagros have been studied paleontologically at south of Sulaimaniyah, Kurdistan Region, NE Iraq. The identified fauna are consisted of (25) genera and species of benthonic and (16) species of planktonic foraminifera. The fauna comprises relatively abundant foraminiferal assemblages of moderate diversity. Based on the stratigraphic distribution of these species, two biozones have been recognized which are Nummulites—Rotalia and Globoquadrina dehiscens zones. These biozones indicate that the studied sections of Basara and Khewata are of Late Oligocene–Early Miocene age. Based on the microfossils, it has been found that the age of sediments is equivalent to or represents Anah and Serikagni Formations. Some previous studies described Oligocene rocks (Kirkuk Group) as interior sag basin. In the present study, the occurrence of the group inside High Folded Zone and its rich fauna content are used for the discussion of the sag basin versus normal marine

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http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12517-013-1067-2